Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of

   Statesman and letter-writer, was the eldest s. of the 3rd Earl. After being at Trinity Coll., Camb., he sat in the House of Commons until his accession to the peerage in 1726. He filled many high offices, including those of Ambassador to Holland, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and Sec. of State. He was distinguished for his wit, conversational powers, and grace of manner. His place in literature is fixed by his well-known Letters addressed to his natural son, Philip Dormer Stanhope. Though brilliant, and full of shrewdness and knowledge of the world, they reflect the low tone of morals prevalent in the age when they were written. He was the recipient of Johnson's famous letter as to his "patronage."

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

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  • Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th earl of — ▪ English writer born Sept. 22, 1694, London died March 24, 1773, London  British statesman, diplomat, and wit, chiefly remembered as the author of Letters to His Son and Letters to His Godson guides to manners, the art of pleasing, and the art… …   Universalium

  • Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Of — (1694 1773)    Educated privately, then at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, he became a member of Parliament, distinguished statesman, diplomat and ambassador to the Hague. In 1715 he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber to George, prince of Wales… …   British and Irish poets

  • Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield — Philip Lord Chesterfield Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield PC KG (22 September 1694 – 24 March 1773) was a British statesman and man of letters. A Whig, Lord Stanhope, as he was known until his father s death in 1726, was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Chesterfield — (February 3, 1673 ndash; January 27, 1726) was an English nobleman, the eldest son of Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, by his third wife, the former Lady Elizabeth Dormer.In 1692, Stanhope married Lady Elizabeth Savile, daughter of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanhope — The name Stanhope can refer to many places, people, and things.Places* Stanhope, Victoria, Australia * Stanhope, Prince Edward Island, Canada * Stanhope, County Durham, England, UK * Stanhope, Kent, England, UK * Stanhope, Peeblesshire, Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Chesterfield — /ches teuhr feeld /, n. Philip Dormer Stanhope /dawr meuhr stan euhp/, 4th Earl of, 1694 1773, British statesman and author. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Derbyshire,… …   Universalium

  • chesterfield — /ches teuhr feeld /, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a single or double breasted topcoat or overcoat with a fly front and a narrow velvet collar. 2. a large, overstuffed sofa or divan with a back and upholstered arms. 3. Chiefly Canadian. any large sofa… …   Universalium

  • Earl of Chesterfield — Earls of Chesterfield, in the County of Derby, was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Philip Stanhope. He had already been created Baron Stanhope, of Shelford in the County of Nottingham, in 1616, also in the Peerage of …   Wikipedia

  • Chesterfield — Ches•ter•field [[t]ˈtʃɛs tərˌfild[/t]] n. big Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of, 1694–1773, British statesman and author Ches ter•field′i•an, adj …   From formal English to slang

  • Chesterfield — I. /ˈtʃɛstəfild/ (say chestuhfeeld) noun Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of, 1694–1773, English statesman and author; renowned for his elegance and wit. II. /ˈtʃɛstəfild/ (say chestuhfeeld) noun a town in England, in eastern Derbyshire …   Australian English dictionary

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